The Chil Sung forms of Traditional Taekwondo (and especially Tang Soo Do) were introduced by taekwondo pioneer Hwang Kee in 1952. The phrase Chil Sung means "Seven Star" and and refers to the seven stars of Ursa Major (the Big Dipper constellation). According to one story, Hwang's father had a dream in which he saw the bright star (Sam Tae Song) before his son's birth. He named his son "Tae Nam" which means "star boy", and Hwang used this as the basis for naming his forms.
Other sources claim that the concept of Chil Sung was already richly engrained in Korean culture. Chil Sung is claimed to be a composite of Taegeuk (Um and Yang - the unity of opposites) plus the Oh Haeng (the five elements: Earth, Water, Fire, Wood & Metal). At one time the combination of these seven components would've represented all things in nature and thus been the basis for understanding the world.
The seven Chil Sung forms are intended to serve as an individuals path toward balancing Weh Gung (external energy) and Neh Gung (internal energy). See reference.
The seven Chil Sung forms are:
- Chil Sung Il Ro
- Chil Sung Ee Ro
- Chil Sung Sam Ro
- Chil Sung Sa Ro
- Chil Sung Oh Ro
- Chil Sung Yook Ro
- Chil Sung Chil Ro
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|Family / Origin||Forms|
|Basic beginner forms developed by Hwang Kee in 1947.|
|Later variants of the beginner forms, developed by the World Tang Soo Do Association; these emphasize earlier training in kicking.|
|Pyung Ahn forms, also called Pinan and Heian forms. From Shotokan Karate, developed approx. 1870 as beginner forms. Symbol: The Tortoise|
|Naihanchi forms, from Shotokan Karate. Also called Chul-Gi, Keema, and Tekki. Symbol: The Horse|
|Bassai forms, Escaping the Fortress, also called Pal-Sek. Adapted into Shotokan Karate but originally from Kung Fu. Symbol: The Cobra||
|Adapted from Shotokan Karate. Symbol: The Crane|
|From the karate form Kūsankū. Symbol: The Eagle||Kong-Sang-Koon|
|From the karate form Enpi. Symbol: The Bird||Wang Shu (also called Empi)|
|From the karate form Seisan. Symbol: The Preying Mantis||Sei-Shan|
|Ji-On forms, adapted from Shotokan Karate.|
|From the karate form Gojūshiho. Symbol: The Tiger|
|Adapted by Hwang Kee from Kung Fu and T'ai Chi.|
|Chil Sung, the Seven Stars developed by Hwang Kee in approx. 1952|
|Yook Ro, the Six-Fold Path developed by Hwang Kee in approx. 1958, inspired by the Muye Dobo Tongji.|
See Taekwondo Forms for additional information.