Taekwondo Wiki
Advertisement
SonByong-Hi

Son Byong-Hi

Statue SonByong-Hi

The Monument to the March 1st Movement

Eui-Am is one of the 2nd degree black belt patterns used in ITF-style taekwondo. Eui Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong-Hi, a leader of the Korean independence movement in 1919 C.E. The 45 movements of this form refer to his age, when in 1905 he changed the name of the Confucian religion Dong Hak  to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way). The diagram for this form represents his indomitable spirit while devoting his life to the prosperity of his nation.

After the annexation of Korea by Japan in 1910, Son Byong-Hi, like essentially all Koreans, longed for independence. As a result of these years of oppression, Son helped to set up an underground anti-Japanese movement throughout 1918. This movement saw unprecedented cooperation between Chondo Kyo, Christians, and Buddhists as they united under a common cause. Son's Chondo Kyo gave financial support to the movement, and he insisted that the independence movement must be popular in nature and non-violent. A Declaration of Independence was prepared and 33 national leaders selected, including Son Byong-Hi.

The climax came on March 1, 1919 when, during a period of public mourning for the recently deceased Emperor Gojong, the Declaration of Independence was publicly proclaimed at Pagoda Park in Seoul — this was known as the March 1st Movement, or Samil Movement. This spark ignited the public, who took to the streets and demonstrated, calling for Korean independence. This initiated a nationwide movement in which many people took part, but the Japanese immediately mobilized their police and army and brutally put down the demonstrations, despite their peaceful nature. More than 7,500 Koreans were killed, nearly 17,000 wounded, and around 47,000 arrested, including Son Byong-Hi.

While in prison, Son became ill and was eventually released. His illness worsened, however, and in 1922 he died at home in Sangchunwon, just outside the Dongdaemun Gate. (See also: Sam-Il.)

Video[]

Why was this video chosen for use on this wiki? Do you have a better video? Please see Video Guidelines before replacing this video with a better one.


Diagram[]

No diagram has yet been added for this technique. You can contribute to Taekwondo Wiki by adding an appropriately licensed diagram.

Written Instructions[]

Lines Gae-Baek

The lines of Eui-Am (student view)

Here on this wiki, the wording used to describe this form deviates from the conventional wording historically used to describe the form. This was done to facilitate wiki-style links to the names of associated techniques. To view the conventional wording, see ITF Forms Summary Description.

  • Ready Posture: Closed Ready Stance Type D
  • 1. Step the right foot toward C into a Left Walking Stance facing D. Low Inward knifehand Block to D.
  • 2. Step the left foot toward C into a Right Walking Stance facing D. Left High Outer Forearm Side Block to D.
  • 3. Execute a Right Middle Punch to D, while maintaining a Right Walking Stance facing D.
  • 4. Execute a Left Low Twisting Kick to D, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 3.
  • Perform 5 and 6 in a continuous motion:
  • 5. Lower the left foot to D into a Left Walking Stance facing D. X-Fist Downward Block.
  • 6. Execute a Right Knifehand Rising Block, maintaining a Left Walking Stance facing D
  • 7. Jump to D, forming a Right X-Stance (cross stance) facing BD. Right High Backfist Side Strike to D, bringing the left fingers to the right side fist.
  • 8. Step the left foot toward C into a Right L-Stance (i.e., left foot forward) facing C. Left Middle Punch to C.
  • 9. Execute a Right Middle Reverse Turning Kick to AC.
  • 10. Lower the right foot to C in a stomping motion to form a Sitting Stance facing A. Right Middle Knifehand Side Strike to C.
  • 11. Execute a Left Middle Side Piercing Kick to C, while turning clockwise, pulling both hands in toward the body.
  • 12. Lower the left foot to C into a Left Walking Stance facing C. Right High Crescent Punch.
  • 13. Execute a Left Middle Turning Punch, pulling the right foot into a Parallel Stance facing C. Perform slowly.
  • 14. Step the left foot toward D into a Right Walking Stance facing C. Left Low Knifehand Inward Block.
  • 15. Step the right foot toward D into a Left Walking Stance facing C, at the same time executing a Right High Outer Forearm Side Block to C.
  • 16. Execute a Left Middle Punch to C, while maintaining a Left Walking Stance facing C.
  • 17. Execute a Right Low Twisting Kick to C, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 16.
  • Perform 18 and 19 in a continuous motion:
  • 18. Lower the right foot to C into a Right Walking Stance facing C. X-Fist Downward Block.
  • 19. Execute a Left Knifehand Rising Block, while maintaining a Right Walking Stance facing C.
  • 20. Jump to C into a Left X-Stance (cross stance) facing BC. Left High Backfist Side Strike to C, bringing the right fingers to the left side fist.
  • 21. Step the right foot toward D, forming a Left L-Stance (i.e., right foot forward) facing D. Right Middle Punch to D.
  • 22. Execute a Left Middle Reverse Turning Kick to AD.
  • 23. Lower the left foot to D in a stomping motion to form a Sitting Stance facing A. Left Middle Knifehand Side Strike to D.
  • 24. Execute a Left Middle Side Piercing Kick to D, while turning counter-clockwise, pulling both hands in toward the body.
  • 25. Lower the right foot to D into a Right Walking Stance facing D. Left High Crescent Punch.
  • 26. Execute a Right Middle Turning Punch, pulling the right foot into a Parallel Stance facing D. Perform slowly.
  • 27. Step the right foot toward D into a Right Walking Stance facing D. Middle Knifehand Wedging Block.
  • 28. Execute a Left Ridgehand Circular Block to BD, while maintaining a Right Walking Stance facing D.
  • 29. Execute a Downward Twin Palm Block, pulling the right foot into a Left Rear Foot Stance facing D.
  • 30. Execute a Left Middle Punch to D, sliding the right foot into a Left L-Stance (i.e., right foot forward) facing D.
  • 31. Execute a Right Low Ridgehand Inward Block to D while shifting to C maintaining a Left L-Stance (i.e., right foot forward) facing D.
  • 32. Step the left foot toward D into a Left Walking Stance facing D. Middle Knifehand Wedging Block.
  • 33. Execute a Right Ridgehand Circular Block to AD, while maintaining a Left Walking Stance facing D.
  • 34. Execute a Downward Twin Palm Block, while, pulling the left foot into a Right Rear Foot Stance facing D.
  • 35. Execute a Right Middle Punch to D, while going into a Right L-Stance (i.e., left foot forward) facing D.
  • 36. Execute a Left Low Ridgehand Inward Block to D while shifting to C maintaining a Right L-Stance (i.e., left foot forward) facing D.
  • 37. Execute a Right High Reverse Turning Kick to BD.
  • 38. Lower the right foot to D into a Left Rear Foot Stance facing D. Middle Knifehand Guarding Block to D.
  • 39. Execute a Right High Reverse Turning Kick to AD.
  • 40. Lower the left foot to D into a Right Rear Foot Stance facing D. Middle Guarding Block to D.
  • 41. Step the left foot toward the side rear of the right foot, and then the right foot toward C into a Right L-Stance (i.e., left foot forward) facing D. Left Low Knifehand Outward Block to D.
  • 42. Execute a Right Middle Punch to D, sliding the left foot into a Left Walking Stance facing D.
  • 43. Step the left foot toward C into a Left L-Stance (i.e., right foot forward) facing D. Right Knifehand Low Block to D.
  • 44. Execute a Left Middle Punch to D, sliding the right foot into a Right Walking Stance facing D.
  • 45. Execute a Right High Punch to D, while maintaining a Right Walking Stance facing D.
  • End: Bring the foot back to the ready position.

Black Belt Forms[]

The ITF-style Black Belt forms are:

Forms no longer used:

* Ko-Dang is an older form, replaced with Juche. Ko-Dang is still taught in some schools however.

U-Nam is an ITF/Chang Hon-style form that appears only in the 1959 edition of Choi Hong Hi's Tae Kwon Do Teaching Manual.

References[]

The primary reference is:

The following websites are also particularly good online references for ITF-style taekwondo:

Advertisement