Taekwondo Wiki

Kukkiwon/WT Taekwondo uses the following series of forms (called the Yudanja series) for Black Belt forms:

  • Koryo (고려) - first dan, also spelled Goryeo and Koryeo ("learned man", symbolizing a wise person)
    • An older, deprecated form called Original Koryo is also considered by some clubs/associations to be one of the Yudanja forms, but it isn't considered so by the Kukkiwon (for gradings or the Master Instructor Course) or by the WTF (for the World Poomsae Championships).
  • Keumgang (금강)) - second dan ("diamond", symbolizing hardness, unbreakable)
  • Taebaek (태백)) - third dan ("sacred mountain", symbolizing spirituality)
  • Pyongwon (평원)- fourth dan, also spelled Pyeong-won ("open plain", symbolizing peacefulness)
  • Sipjin (싶진)) - fifth dan, also spelled Shipjin ("eternal 10", symbolizing health and longevity)
  • Jitae (지태) - sixth dan (symbolizes mankind as the connection between heaven and earth)
  • Cheonkwon (천권) - seventh dan, also spelled Cheon-gwon ("sky", symbolizing piety)
  • Hansoo (한수) - eighth dan, also spelled Hansu ("water", symbolizing adaptability)
  • Ilyeo (일여) - ninth dan (symbolizing the Buddhist concept of oneness of the mind and body)

Each of the yudanja forms has a floor pattern that traces out a Chinese character or other symbol. Each character is said to represent a characteristic that should be exhibited by a taekwondo master: wise, unbreakable, spiritual, peaceful, long-lived, pious, adaptable, etc.

Yudanja Meanings.png

지태 (jitae) refers to the earth. The earth hides its greatest power deep within its fiery core, occasionally permitting it to well up and shake civilization, reminding mankind of his frailties. This form must show the vigor of life as it stems from the power welling up from strong muscles and a deep, powerful core.


The Kukkiwon video for this form is here.


To print the diagram, click on the image and select "See full size image," or right-click and open the image in a new tab.

Jitae 3D.png

Written Instructions[]

First to the Left (Da direction)[]

Slow High Block

  • Begin from Ready Stance (joon-bee).
  • 1. Step with the left foot into Right Back Stance (i.e., left foot forward) and execute a Left Outward Block.
  • 2a. Slowly step forward with the right foot into Right Front Stance and slowly and powerfully execute a Right High Block (i.e., upward block).
  • 2b. Without stepping, slowly and powerfully pull the opponent with the right hand while executing a Left Punch.

Then to the Right (Ra direction)[]

  • 3. Step with the right foot to turn 180 clockwise into Left Back Stance (i.e., right foot forward) and execute a Right Outward Block.
  • 4a. Slowly step forward with the left foot into Left Front Stance and slowly and powerfully execute a Left High Block.
  • 4b. Without stepping, slowly and powerfully pull the opponent with the left hand while executing a Right Punch.

Up the Middle (Ga direction)[]

Diamond Punch

Augmented or Assisted Inward Block

At the Top[]

Hammerfist Target Strike

Then Back to Start (Na direction)[]