Kukkiwon/WT Taekwondo uses the following series of forms (called the Yudanja series) for Black Belt forms:

  • Koryo (고려) - first dan, also spelled Goryeo and Koryeo ("learned man", symbolizing a wise person)
    • An older, deprecated form called Original Koryo is also considered by some clubs/associations to be one of the Yudanja forms, but it isn't considered so by the Kukkiwon (for gradings or the Master Instructor Course) or by the WTF (for the World Poomsae Championships).
  • Keumgang (금강)) - second dan ("diamond", symbolizing hardness, unbreakable)
  • Taebaek (태백)) - third dan ("sacred mountain", symbolizing spirituality)
  • Pyongwon (평원)- fourth dan, also spelled Pyeong-won ("open plain", symbolizing peacefulness)
  • Sipjin (싶진)) - fifth dan, also spelled Shipjin ("eternal 10", symbolizing health and longevity)
  • Jitae (지태) - sixth dan (symbolizes mankind as the connection between heaven and earth)
  • Cheonkwon (천권) - seventh dan, also spelled Cheon-gwon ("sky", symbolizing piety)
  • Hansoo (한수) - eighth dan, also spelled Hansu ("water", symbolizing adaptability)
  • Ilyeo (일여) - ninth dan (symbolizing the Buddhist concept of oneness of the mind and body)

Each of the yudanja forms has a floor pattern that traces out a Chinese character or other symbol. Each character is said to represent a characteristic that should be exhibited by a taekwondo master: wise, unbreakable, spiritual, peaceful, long-lived, pious, adaptable, etc.

Yudanja Meanings

평원 (pyeong-won) refers to a vast plain. The unbroken expanse of a plain bestows a sense of majesty upon mankind while presenting an impression different from that which one receives when viewing tall mountains or endless forests. This form must express the majestic but friendly spirit of a vast plain.


The Kukkiwon video for this form is here.

Grand Master Kyu Hyung Lee - WTF Poomsae Pyongwon

Grand Master Kyu Hyung Lee - WTF Poomsae Pyongwon

Diagram Edit

To print the diagram, click on the image and select "See full size image," or right-click and open the image in a new tab.

Pyongwon 3D

Written Instructions Edit

This form is done all along one long line.


Pyongwon OverlappingHands

Overlapping Hands

Main Sequence - start by going leftwardEdit

Pyongwon ElbowUppercut

Elbow Uppercut

Pyongwon AugmentedHighSideBlock

Augmented High Side Block

Pyngwon PullingBackfist

Pulling Backfist Strike

Pyongwon DoubleElbowStrike

Double Elbow Strike

Pyongwon MountainBlock

Opening Mountain Block

Pyongwon DiamondBlock

Diamond Block

Repeat the Main Sequence - start by going rightwardEdit


References Edit

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