Kukkiwon/WT Taekwondo uses the following series of forms (called the Yudanja series) for Black Belt forms:

  • Koryo (고려) - first dan, also spelled Goryeo and Koryeo ("learned man", symbolizing a wise person)
    • An older, deprecated form called Original Koryo is also considered by some clubs/associations to be one of the Yudanja forms, but it isn't considered so by the Kukkiwon (for gradings or the Master Instructor Course) or by the WTF (for the World Poomsae Championships).
  • Keumgang (금강)) - second dan ("diamond", symbolizing hardness, unbreakable)
  • Taebaek (태백)) - third dan ("sacred mountain", symbolizing spirituality)
  • Pyongwon (평원)- fourth dan, also spelled Pyeong-won ("open plain", symbolizing peacefulness)
  • Sipjin (싶진)) - fifth dan, also spelled Shipjin ("eternal 10", symbolizing health and longevity)
  • Jitae (지태) - sixth dan (symbolizes mankind as the connection between heaven and earth)
  • Cheonkwon (천권) - seventh dan, also spelled Cheon-gwon ("sky", symbolizing piety)
  • Hansoo (한수) - eighth dan, also spelled Hansu ("water", symbolizing adaptability)
  • Ilyeo (일여) - ninth dan (symbolizing the Buddhist concept of oneness of the mind and body)

Each of the yudanja forms has a floor pattern that traces out a Chinese character or other symbol. Each character is said to represent a characteristic that should be exhibited by a taekwondo master: wise, unbreakable, spiritual, peaceful, long-lived, pious, adaptable, etc.

Yudanja Meanings.png

평원 (pyeong-won) refers to a vast plain. The unbroken expanse of a plain bestows a sense of majesty upon mankind while presenting an impression different from that which one receives when viewing tall mountains or endless forests. This form must express the majestic but friendly spirit of a vast plain.

Video[edit | edit source]

The Kukkiwon video for this form is here.


Diagram[edit | edit source]

To print the diagram, click on the image and select "See full size image," or right-click and open the image in a new tab.

Pyongwon 3D.png


Written Instructions[edit | edit source]

This form is done all along one long line.

Beginning[edit | edit source]

Overlapping Hands

Main Sequence - start by going leftward[edit | edit source]

Elbow Uppercut

Augmented High Side Block

Pulling Backfist Strike

Double Elbow Strike

Opening Mountain Block

Diamond Block

Repeat the Main Sequence - start by going rightward[edit | edit source]

Ending[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.