Taekwondo Wiki

Kukkiwon/WT Taekwondo uses the following series of forms (called the Yudanja series) for Black Belt forms:

  • Koryo (고려) - first dan, also spelled Goryeo and Koryeo ("learned man", symbolizing a wise person)
    • An older, deprecated form called Original Koryo is also considered by some clubs/associations to be one of the Yudanja forms, but it isn't considered so by the Kukkiwon (for gradings or the Master Instructor Course) or by the WTF (for the World Poomsae Championships).
  • Keumgang (금강)) - second dan ("diamond", symbolizing hardness, unbreakable)
  • Taebaek (태백)) - third dan ("sacred mountain", symbolizing spirituality)
  • Pyongwon (평원)- fourth dan, also spelled Pyeong-won ("open plain", symbolizing peacefulness)
  • Sipjin (싶진)) - fifth dan, also spelled Shipjin ("eternal 10", symbolizing health and longevity)
  • Jitae (지태) - sixth dan (symbolizes mankind as the connection between heaven and earth)
  • Cheonkwon (천권) - seventh dan, also spelled Cheon-gwon ("sky", symbolizing piety)
  • Hansoo (한수) - eighth dan, also spelled Hansu ("water", symbolizing adaptability)
  • Ilyeo (일여) - ninth dan (symbolizing the Buddhist concept of oneness of the mind and body)

Each of the yudanja forms has a floor pattern that traces out a Chinese character or other symbol. Each character is said to represent a characteristic that should be exhibited by a taekwondo master: wise, unbreakable, spiritual, peaceful, long-lived, pious, adaptable, etc.

Yudanja Meanings.png

십진 (shipjin) is the Chinese character for 10, and refers to the ten essences of longevity: the sun, the moon, water, stone, mountains, pine trees, the herb of eternal youth, the tortoise, the deer, and the crane. This form expresses endless development and growth, but a highly orderly and predictable growth that fosters stability. Therefore, each movement of this form must follow an orderly and systematic progression.


The Kukkiwon video for this form is here.


To print the diagram, click on the image and select "See full size image," or right-click and open the image in a new tab.

Sipjin 3D.png

Written Instructions[]

The movements in this poomsae for a + sign. You start in the middle of the +, which makes this fairly unique among the WTF-style forms.


Bull Block

  • Ready stance
  • 1. Without stepping, Bull Block.
  • 2a. Without stepping, open the arms and pause briefly.

The Left Arm of the + Sign[]

Palm Augmented Outward Block

Horizontal Fingertip Thrust

Opening Mountain Block

Double Elbow Strike

  • 2b. Move the left foot into a Right Back Stance (i.e., left foot forward). Left Palm Augmented Outward Block.
  • 3a. Slowly open the left fist. Twist the left wrist inward. Slide the left foot forward into Left Front Stance.
    • Application note: The idea of this slow, augmented block is that your opponent has grabbed your arm, and you are either (a) twisting your arm to get him to release his grip, with your fingers prying under his grip to loosen the grip, or (b) using his grip against him, to force your opponent into an awkward position.
  • 3b. Without stepping, Right Horizontal Fingertip Thrust (i.e., Horizontal Spearhand)
  • 3c-d. Without stepping, Left then Right Punch.
  • 4. Step forward with the right foot to turn 90 right into Horse Stance, looking right. Opening Mountain Block.
  • 5a. Step with the left foot to place it in front of the right foot into Cross Stance. Grab your opponent with the left hand and chamber the right hand for a Side Punch.
  • 5b. Continue moving in the same direction; step with the right foot into a Horse Stance. Right Side Punch. Kihap.
  • 6. Step with the right foot to turn 180 counterclockwise into Horse Stance. Double Elbow Strike.

The Right Arm of the + Sign[]

Moving Down the + Sign[]

Pull Up

Chamber for the Boulder Push

Boulder Push

Moving Up the + Sign[]

Simultaneous Punch

Again Moving Down the + Sign[]