Taekwondo Wiki

This form is a traditional taekwondo form, meaning it pre-dates contemporary forms (such as those used by the ITF, ATA, and WT). In other words, this is a form used during the 1950s within the Nine Kwans that eventually came together to form taekwondo.

  • Older forms such as this one were often based on forms from other martial arts.
  • The details and names of these older forms tend to vary more widely from school to school as well.

The version shown here is just one version; the reader should recognize that there will be variations among schools.

Tae Kuk Kwan is a form sometimes used in Traditional Taekwondo. It is originally from Kung Fu but is also used in T'ai Chi. This form is also known as the Yang Long Form or the 88 Postures Form. Though shown as 88 steps below, it is sometimes written as having 103 steps; then it may be referred to as The 103-Step Yang-Family Tai-Chi Chuan. The Chinese forms So Rim Jang Kwon and Tae Kuk Kwan forms were introduced to Traditional Taekwondo by Hwang Kee. See also Wikipedia.


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Written Instructions[]

  1. START SECTION ONE: Pre-Opening Stance
  2. Opening Form
  3. Grasp Peacock's Tail
  4. Single Whip
  5. Raise Hands
  6. White Crane Spreading Wings
  7. Brush Knee and Twist Step -- Left
  8. Hands Strumming the Lute
  9. Brush Knee and Twist Step -- Left and Right
  10. Hands Strumming the Lute
  11. Step Up, Parry, and Punch
  12. Apparent Close-Up
  13. Cross Hands
  14. Return to Mountain with Tiger
  15. START SECTION TWO: Obliquely Grasp Peacock's Tail
  16. Fist Under Elbow
  17. Slip Back Forearm -- Left and Right
  18. Oblique Flying
  19. Raise Hands
  20. White Crane Spreading Wings
  21. Brush Knee and Twist Step
  22. Needle at Sea Bottom
  23. Flash Out Arms
  24. Turn, Sidle, and Punch
  25. Step Up, Parry, and Punch
  26. Step Up and Grasp Peacock's Tail
  27. Single Whip
  28. Wave Hands Like Clouds
  29. Single Whip
  30. High Pat on Horse
  31. Right Kick
  32. Left Kick
  33. Turn and Left Kick
  34. Brush Knee and Twist Step
  35. Step Up and Punch Down
  36. White Snake Showing Tongue
  37. Step Up, Parry, and Punch
  38. Kick with Right Heel
  39. Sidle Left to Tame Tiger
  40. Sidle Right to Tame Tiger
  41. About Turn and Kick with Right Heel
  42. Strike Opponent's Ears with Both Fists
  43. Kick with Left Heel
  44. Turn and Kick with Right Heel
  45. Step Up, Parry, and Punch
  46. Apparent Close-Up
  47. Cross Hands
  48. Return to Mountain with Tiger
  49. START SECTION THREE: Obliquely Grasp Peacock's Tail
  50. Side-Step Single Whip
  51. Parting Wild Horse's Mane -- Left and Right
  52. Step Up and Grasp Peacock's Tail
  53. Single Whip
  54. Working at Shuttles (at 4 Angles)
  55. Step Up and Grasp Peacock's Tail
  56. Single Whip
  57. Wave Hands Like Moving Clouds
  58. Single Whip
  59. Sweep Down
  60. Golden Cock on One Leg -- Left and Right
  61. Slip Back Arm -- Left and Right
  62. Oblique Flying
  63. Raise Hands
  64. White Crane Spreading Wings
  65. Brush Knee and Twist Step -- Left
  66. Needle at Sea Bottom
  67. Flash Out Arms
  68. Turn, Sidle, and Punch
  69. Step Up, Parry, and Punch
  70. Step Up and Grasp Peacock's Tail
  71. Single Whip
  72. Wave Hands Like Moving Clouds
  73. Single Whip
  74. High Pat on Horse
  75. Cross Palms (Back to Back) -- Left
  76. Turn, Cross Hands, and Kick
  77. Brush Knee and Punch
  78. Step Up and Grasp Peacock's Tail
  79. Single Whip
  80. Sweep Down
  81. Step Up to Form Seven Stars
  82. Retreat to Mount Tiger
  83. Turn and Swing up Lotus-Leg
  84. Archer Shooting Tiger
  85. Step Up, Parry, and Punch
  86. Apparent Close-Up
  87. Cross Hands
  88. Closing Form

See Also[]

Many of the forms often used in Traditional Taekwondo are included in the following table. In developing his Moo Duk Kwan curriculum, Hwang Kee assigned symbols, listed below, to many of the forms.

Family / Origin Forms
Basic beginner forms developed by Hwang Kee in 1947.

Kicho Hyeong Il Bu
Kicho Hyeong Ee Bu
Kicho Hyeong Sam Bu

Later variants of the beginner forms, developed by the World Tang Soo Do Association; these emphasize earlier training in kicking.

Sae Kye Hyeong Il Bu
Sae Kye Hyeong Ee Bu
Sae Kye Hyeong Sam Bu

Pyung Ahn forms, also called Pinan and Heian forms. From Shotokan Karate, developed approx. 1870 as beginner forms. Symbol: The Tortoise

Pyung Ahn Cho-Dan
Pyung Ahn Ee-Dan
Pyung Ahn Sam-Dan
Pyung Ahn Sa-Dan
Pyung Ahn Oh-Dan

Naihanchi forms, from Shotokan Karate. Also called Chul-Gi, Keema, and Tekki. Symbol: The Horse

Naihanchi Cho-Dan
Naihanchi Ee-Dan
Naihanchi Sam-Dan

Bassai forms, Escaping the Fortress, also called Pal-Sek. Adapted into Shotokan Karate but originally from Kung Fu. Symbol: The Cobra

Bassai Sho
Bassai Dai (or simply Bassai)

Adapted from Shotokan Karate. Symbol: The Crane

Jin Do
Rohai (also called Lohai or Meikyo)

From the karate form Kūsankū. Symbol: The Eagle Kong-Sang-Koon
From the karate form Enpi. Symbol: The Bird Wang Shu (also called Empi)
From the karate form Seisan. Symbol: The Preying Mantis Sei-Shan
Ji-On forms, adapted from Shotokan Karate.

Ji-On, Symbol: The Ram
Jit-te (also called Ship Soo), Symbol: The Bear

From the karate form Gojūshiho. Symbol: The Tiger

O Sip Sa Bo (also called Gojūshiho)
E Sip Sa Bo (also called Nijūshiho)

Adapted by Hwang Kee from Kung Fu and T'ai Chi.

So Rim Jang Kwon
Hwa Sun
Tae Kuk Kwan

Chil Sung, the Seven Stars developed by Hwang Kee in approx. 1952

Chil Sung Il Ro
Chil Sung Ee Ro
Chil Sung Sam Ro
Chil Sung Sa Ro
Chil Sung Oh Ro
Chil Sung Yook Ro
Chil Sung Chil Ro

Yook Ro, the Six-Fold Path developed by Hwang Kee in approx. 1958, inspired by the Muye Dobo Tongji.

Yook Ro Cho Dan - Du Mun
Yook Ro Ee Dan - Joong Jol
Yook Ro Sam Dan - Po Wol
Yook Ro Sam Dan - Yang Pyun
Yook Ro Oh Dan - Sal Chu
Yook Ro Yook Dan - Choong Ro

See Taekwondo Forms for additional information.


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