The Taebaek Mountains in Korea.

The north slope of Baekdusan Mountain.

Kukkiwon/WT Taekwondo uses the following series of forms (called the Yudanja series) for Black Belt forms:

  • Koryo (고려) - first dan, also spelled Goryeo and Koryeo ("learned man", symbolizing a wise person)
    • An older, deprecated form called Original Koryo is also considered by some clubs/associations to be one of the Yudanja forms, but it isn't considered so by the Kukkiwon (for gradings or the Master Instructor Course) or by the WTF (for the World Poomsae Championships).
  • Keumgang (금강)) - second dan ("diamond", symbolizing hardness, unbreakable)
  • Taebaek (태백)) - third dan ("sacred mountain", symbolizing spirituality)
  • Pyongwon (평원)- fourth dan, also spelled Pyeong-won ("open plain", symbolizing peacefulness)
  • Sipjin (싶진)) - fifth dan, also spelled Shipjin ("eternal 10", symbolizing health and longevity)
  • Jitae (지태) - sixth dan (symbolizes mankind as the connection between heaven and earth)
  • Cheonkwon (천권) - seventh dan, also spelled Cheon-gwon ("sky", symbolizing piety)
  • Hansoo (한수) - eighth dan, also spelled Hansu ("water", symbolizing adaptability)
  • Ilyeo (일여) - ninth dan (symbolizing the Buddhist concept of oneness of the mind and body)

Each of the yudanja forms has a floor pattern that traces out a Chinese character or other symbol. Each character is said to represent a characteristic that should be exhibited by a taekwondo master: wise, unbreakable, spiritual, peaceful, long-lived, pious, adaptable, etc.

Yudanja Meanings.png

태백 (Taebaek), meaning “bright mountain”, is the name of a mountain in Korean mythology, from where the legendary founder of Korea, 단군 왕검 (Dan-gun Wanggeom), is thought to have ruled the nation. Numerous places are known as 태백 (Taebaek), one of which is 백두산 (Baekdusan), an iconic mountain on the Korean peninsula. This form venerates this most sacred of mountains. Since this mountain reaches to the sun, Taebaek can be defined as “light” and must be performed with the agility of light.

See also: Taebaek Mountains, the Baekdusan Mountain, and Dan-Gun Wanggeom on Wikipedia.

Video[edit | edit source]

The Kukkiwon video for this form is here.


Diagram[edit | edit source]

To print the diagram, click on the image and select "See full size image," or right-click and open the image in a new tab.

Taebaek 3D.png


Written Instructions[edit | edit source]

FIRST LINE[edit | edit source]

Low Knifehand Opening Block

TRANSITION TO THE SECOND LINE[edit | edit source]

Twist and grab the opponent's wrist

  • 5. Step left with the left foot into a Left Front StanceSwallowform Knifehand Strike (left arm high).
  • 6a. Without stepping, with the right hand, twist and grab the opponent's wrist.
  • 6b. While pulling with the right hand, step forward into Right Front Stance. Left Punch.
  • 7a. Without stepping, with the left hand, twist and grab the opponent's wrist.
  • 7b. While pulling with the left hand, step forward into Left Front Stance. Right Punch.
  • 8a. Without stepping, with the right hand, twist and grab the opponent's wrist.
  • 8b. While pulling with the right hand, step forward into Right Front Stance. Left Punch. Kihap.

SECOND LINE[edit | edit source]

Diamond Block

High Pulling Uppercut

Twist and grab the opponent's wrist

Small hinge block

BACK TO THE FIRST LINE[edit | edit source]

Vertical Fingertip Thrust with a Pressing Block

Right hand is placed behind the waist

Outward Backfist Strike

FIRST LINE[edit | edit source]

  • First going left...
  • Then going right...
  • Return to Ready position.

References[edit | edit source]

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